Aleksander Safarov: Ancient map published in press triggered pogroms of Armenians in Baku published Aleksander Safarov’s article “Black January” about the events he witnessed in Baku on 20 January 1991. In Azerbaijan, the day is called “Black January” and stories about “the Soviet Army’s atrocities over the Azerbaijani civilians” are told and flowers are put to monuments, the author writes. As the author describes, tanks “decorated” Baku • Read More »

US Senators letter to Mikhail Gorbachev

U.S. Senate, Washington, DC, January 18, 1990. His Excellency Mikhail S. Gorbachev, President of the Soviet Union, The Kremlin, Moscow, U.S.S.R. Dear Mr. President: We are deeply concerned about the murders, tortures, and property destruction that the Armenian community of Baku has suffered over the past six days as a result of attacks by organized • Read More »

Pogroms of Armenians in Baku: evidences and evaluations of politicians, public officials and witnesses

“When attackers are resolutely going from district to district and from home to home, that means they have been given lists, that there is someone who is directing [the whole thing]” Garry Kasparov, repeated World Chess Champion, born in Baku (Source: Bulvar Gordona, 2 December 2008, available at: “I myself witnessed the murder of • Read More »

Indifference and silence can cause another genocide

AN OPEN LETTER TO INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC OPINION ON ANTI-ARMENIAN POGROMS IN THE SOVIET UNION An era which we all thought ended, the era of pogroms, has resurfaced. Once again this year, the Armenian community of Azerbaijan has been the victim of atrocious and intolerable premeditated massacres. As scholars, writers, scientists, political leaders and artists we • Read More »

Bloody Tales of Baku

  First the buzzer started ringing, then the furious knocking began. Cowering in his apartment in Baku, Ashot Arutyunov, an Armenian retiree, knew better than to open his door. The previous night, Azerbaijani thugs armed with address lists had begun hunting down Armenians house by house. If only he and his family remained quiet, Arutyunov • Read More »

Soviets call up reserves to defuse unrest

MOSCOW —The Defense Ministry called up reserve troops yesterday to help 29000 soldiers quell ethnic violence in the Caucasus that has killed at least 66 people and wounded more than 220. Defense Minister Dmitri T. Yazov said the additional troops were necessary to maintain order and possibly enforce a curfew — a measure authorities in • Read More »

Nationalism at its nastiest. New York Times, Jan 19.1990

Download pdf *** To the Editor: ”Nationalism at Its Nastiest” (editorial, Jan. 19), about the Azerbaijani-Armenian conflict, needs one important clarification. You write that ”After the 1988 earthquake that killed 25,000 Armenians, Azerbaijanis blocked railways to Armenia, holding up aid.” This is true, but this blockade has continued since the earthquake, at various levels of intensity, • Read More »